G&STC Library: A Gender and Sexuality Reading Roundup Part 2

In this series, we’re talking about things to read! We try to cover as much as we can on this blog, but in the hopes of expanding your knowledge of gender and sexuality, we put together this list of resources for you to reference as you need it.

In this installment, we’re recommending resources about intersectionality, disability, history from the perspective of marginalized communities, and sex positivity. Some of the selections below are a little more scholarly than others, but there is a wealth of information on these subjects available online, of course (some of it much more accurate than others!), but if you want to supplement the reading you do online, these books are certainly a place to start.


Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory and Antiracist Politics by Kimberle Crenshaw

Our first pick in this section is Kimberle Crenshaw ’s influential paper on intersectionality. This piece was the first to link the concept of intersectionality to feminism, where she explored the intersections of being black and being a woman, and how both identities often influence each other in ways that cannot be ignored. This is really a foundational read on this topic!

Women, Race, & Class by Angela Y. Davis

Angela Y. Davis is an internationally recognized scholar on the topics of women, race, and class, which she dives into in this book. She traces the history of the women’s movement and how it was designed to benefit middle-class white women, leaving all others behind. In this analysis of the mainstream feminist movement in the United States, she examines the intersections of gender, race, and class, and argues that feminism is not a ‘one size fits all’ solution.

History from the Margins

A Queer History of the United States (ReVisioning American History) by Michael Bronski, An Indigenous Peoples' History of the United States (ReVisioning American History) by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, and A Disability History of the United States (ReVisioning American History) by Kim E. Nielsen

There are a lot of groups who get left out of mainstream history - aka the history you probably learned about in school. Unfortunately, the burden falls on us to educate ourselves on these topics. These volumes give a compelling overview of the history of three hugely marginalized groups in the United States - the queer community, Indigenous people, and disabled folks. If you’ve ever wondered what was left out of history class, you may want to give these volumes a read.

The Color of Kink: Black Women, BDSM, and Pornography (Sexual Cultures) by Ariane Cruz

This is a history and analysis of black women’s representations and performances within pornography and BDSM, from the 1930s until now. This book illustrates the idea that sexuality is not just one common experience for everyone - there are intersections and identities that influence sexuality, and they should be explored.

Sex Workers Unite: A History of the Movement from Stonewall to SlutWalk by Melinda Chateauvert

Sex work is still wildly misunderstood in the United States (even by otherwise progressive folks) and so it is especially important to educate yourself on the topic. This book looks at the history of civil rights movements of the last 50 or so years, and how sex workers were incredibly important to their success, although their contributions are largely ignored. This book details how sex workers are fighting for their own liberation, and actually tells the stories of sex workers, instead of leaving them out of the discussion entirely.  


The Ultimate Guide to Sex and Disability: For All of Us Who Live with Disabilities, Chronic Pain, and Illness by Miriam Kaufman

Although it is hardly ever represented in the mainstream, disabled folks are still sexual people. This book is a guide to having a sex life that works for you, with information from a medical doctor, a sex educator, and a disability activist. The book covers a range of disabilities, so it is relevant for many people. Some of the topics covered include positive sexual self-image, positions to minimize stress and maximize pleasure, dealing with fatigue or pain during sex, finding partners and talking with partners about sex and disability, and adapting sex toys.

Sex and Disability by Robert McRuer

Disability is rarely mentioned in the same breath as sexuality, even in queer spaces. This book is a collection of essays that works to disprove the notion that disabled people are not sexual. In an ableist and heteronormative world, this book explores what is sexy and sexual, from many perspectives, including queer theory.

We’ll be back with some more installments in this series with more book recommendations! Are there any topics you’d like to learn about? Let us know!

G&STC Director talks with HuffPost Relationships about getting kinkier in the New Year

Check out G&STC director, Jesse Kahn, talking with HuffPost Relationships about 7 sex tips for couples looking to get kinkier in the new year!

A few additional tips:

Plan the types of sex you want to have or try. In movies (and in many people's fantasies), sex happens in an instant, but spontaneous sex isn’t the only way to keep your sex life exciting. I love writing and exploring what we can learn from different communities, and this tip is a great example of what kink and BDSM communities can teach vanilla folks. Putting time and energy into planning the type of sex you want to have can shift what your sex is like, can help create different types of sexual experiences, can help shift your sex life towards the sex life you want, and can build anticipation. By focusing on the “what” and “how” rather than the “when” of sex, we can remove some of the pressure associated with sex and make something that took a lot of communication and planning seem more spontaneous. (P.S-Spontaneous sex, what many cite as how their sex was early on, is in many ways an illusion, and was more planned and intentional than our memories recall.) 

Actively stay curious about you and your partner's sexuality and desires.Many find comfort in routine and stability, but unfortunately, that's not where eroticism thrives. Luckily, just as we continue growing and evolving, so do our desires. When thinking about great sex, first re-focus on eroticism and ask yourself what turns you on, makes you feel pleasure, or makes you feel desired. Then ask your partners! Try out, or revisit, yes/no/maybe lists. This is a list of sexual activities, and you can categorize them based on what you’d like to try (yes), what you would not like to try (no), and what you aren’t sure about (maybe). These lists are commonly used in kinky spaces, but can be applied to any type of relationship. 

7 Ways to be a Supportive Partner to a Survivor

Now more than ever it is important for those of us supporting a survivor in a partnership to be educated and prepared. Right now, the world is particularly full of trauma reminders. A trauma reminder is anything that reminds a person of a traumatic event. It can be a smell, feeling, place, person, sound, or experience. Anything that has the potential to trigger a memory or emotion associated with a traumatic event For many survivors of trauma, seemingly simple or daily events like: turning on their phones, seeing the news, or just walking down the street, can bring old trauma back to the surface.

Here are a few ways to support your partner through this time, and always:

Listen, ask follow up questions, validate.

Survivors need to feel heard and understood to open up and feel safe. Don’t offer your opinion, just sit back and listen. Ask clarifying questions. Validate their experience. If you don’t have a trauma history, you won’t ever be able to fully understand your partners experience. But you can validate their emotions and let them know you are there to support them, even when you can’t understand what they are going through. It can even be validating to hear, “I can’t even imagine how scary that was”.

Learn what your partner looks like and acts like when they triggered.

Ask what their triggers are. Pay attention when they check out, get upset, need to leave. What happens right before that? Then...

Make a plan.

When your partner isn’t triggered, talk to them about how you can support them when they get triggered or either of you can feel a trauma response coming on. Do they need to hold your hand? Be alone? Be told by you it’s ok if you all have to leave the party? Find out what it is they need when this happens, and what they need from you for support.

Educate yourself.

Reading books about trauma and survivorship will not only help you better understand your partner and their experiences but will also show them how much you care. Important books on trauma and relationships: The Body Keeps the Score by Bessel Van der Kolk, Healing Sex by Staci Haines, Learning Good Consent from AK Press, and Loving Someone with PTSD by Aphrodite T. Matsakis.

Talk about sex, intimacy, and your relationship in a safe and non sexual environment.

If your partner is a survivor of any kind of sexual trauma or interpersonal violence, they may not always feel safe opening up when in a very intimate setting. Discuss these topics not in bed and normalize that within the relationship. Schedule check ins at the breakfast table. The more you can make communication a routine and the more predictable it can be, the safer your partner can feel. Trauma happens when a person feels out of control and where there is a lack of predictability. [1] 

Don’t take it personally.

If your partner gets triggered within your relationship, it is likely not “your fault”. Making it about you will further shame their reaction. People who are survivors get triggered within interpersonal relationships especially if that’s where previous trauma(s) occurred. If they get triggered, go back to the plan you all have made about how you can support them. 

Don’t walk on eggshells.

While you can support them in their recovery, they need to be treated like a whole human being. There’s a very important balance between being aware and being too careful. Your partner is a resilient, strong, resourceful human being who has been able to find love and connection with you.

You also don’t have to do any of this alone. Finding a trauma informed or trauma therapy trained professional is always an option.

By supporting your partner and educating yourself on trauma you are communicating to your partner that you care and they can be safe with you. This is where a lot of healing can happen, for both of you.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

G&STC Glossary of Terms for Therapists | Part Two

Welcome back to the G&STC Glossary of Terms for Therapists! This glossary can function as a first step for those looking to educate themselves & their practice in order to make the practice to be a safe & inclusive space for queer and trans clients. Along with our six tips for therapists to be more queer and trans inclusive, we’ve put together this five-part glossary series for therapists & care providers. You can find part one here.

**In addition to educating yourself on the actual words, it’s important to reflect on your familiarity with, relationship to and underlying judgments and assumptions of the people and communities that embody these identities, expressions, and experiences. It’s okay to have judgments - we all do. What matters is that we are aware of, question the validity of, work to unlearn and not perpetuate those judgments at our clients’ expense.

Cissexism: The idea, or behavior that reinforces cisgender people as the “norm” while marginalizing or making other genders invisible. Need more? Here are 20 common occurrences of cissexism in everyday life.

Coming Out: The process of becoming aware of, proclaiming, and/or sharing with others their sexual or gender identity.  Here are a few tips on what to do if a friend or loved one comes out to you.

Drag: Refers to the theatrical performance of gender. You can read a history of drag here.

Femme: A term used to describe gender expression or behavior that presents as traditionally feminine. What’s the difference between being femme and being feminine?

FTM: Abbreviation for “female to male,” which refers to a person assigned female at birth, transitioning to and identifying as male. Can also be referred to as “transitioning to male.”

Gay: Describes a person who is most commonly attracted to people of the same gender that they themselves identify with. Can be used by any gender, but is most often associated with men.

Gender-affirming surgery: Refers to surgeries used to modify one's body to be more congruent with one’s gender identity. Also referred to as “sex reassignment surgery” Here are answers to common questions about gender affirming surgery.

Gender Binary: The view that there are only two genders (male & female) and that these genders are static and opposite, and that all people fit into one category or the other.

Gender Dysphoria: Describes the distress felt by those whose gender identity differs from the one assigned to them at birth. Here are five things you should know about gender & body dysphoria.

Gender Expression: Refers to the external display of one’s gender, through action, style, voice, etc. Does not necessarily reflect gender assigned at birth or gender identity.

Genderfluid: Describes a person who does not identify with a fixed gender identity. May identify as a mix of genders, or fluctuate between genders. Here are five things you should know about gender fluidity.

This is part two of a five-part glossary series. You can find part one here. Be sure to keep checking back for the next installment!

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

How To Be A Trans Ally

As you may know, the Trump Administration is looking for another way to erase trans folks. According to The New York Times, the Trump Administration is seeking to define gender as “biological, immutable condition determined by genitalia at birth,” essentially incorrectly defining sex as unchangeable and in a binary of male or female.

As we stated in this post, G&STC stands in solidarity with transgender communities in opposition to this targeted and toxic move by the Trump Administration. Gender is not a binary, and cannot be determined by the body of an infant and the sex one is assigned at birth.

It’s more important than ever to be supportive of the trans community - lives are on the line, and the continued violence of this administration has been a threat to the trans community since day one. Here are some ways you can show up for trans people - not just when horrible news comes out like this, but every day.

Being an ally is an action, not a title. It’s not something you are, it’s something you do.

Do the work to educate yourself

Trans people have no obligation to educate you. While some people are truly unsure of terminology and etiquette, it is not the duty of marginalized folx to provide the emotional labor to educate everyone. Set aside some time to do your own research, and make sure you’re getting your information from reputable sources - ideally from folks in the community you’re learning about. Don’t be ashamed that you don’t know everything already, just make sure you take the time to educate yourself. You can start here:


Trans Youth Support Network


National Center for Transgender Equality

G&STC Glossary of Terms for Therapists | Part One - check back with our blog for more terms, coming soon!

G&STC Consultation, Education + Supervision Services - to schedule a training

Give your time + money

There are a number of fantastic organizations that do the work to support the trans community on a daily basis. Take a look at the list below and see if there are any chapters in your area where you can volunteer. You can also check on social media to see if there are any events in your area. A one-time donation is a fantastic gift. An even better one is a recurring monthly donation so that organizations can count on your money every month and use it to do their work. Here are some places to get started:

Transgender Legal Defense & Education Fund

Transgender Law Center

The Trevor Project

National Center for Transgender Equality

Trans Lifeline


G&STC's Mental Health Fund

Never out anyone

Hopefully, this is obvious, but it still bears repeating: never out anyone. Being out is not a simple decision for a lot of trans and gender expansive folks. In many instances, being out can be dangerous. Being out can also lead to discrimination from employers, peers, family members, landlords, healthcare professionals - the list goes on. This is not a choice you can make for someone. Unless you have been given the express permission of the person in question, it is not your place to out anyone, ever.  

Ask about pronouns, and offer your own

Don’t assume you know anyone’s pronouns simply by looking at them. If you don’t already know someone’s pronouns, take the time to ask them. Another way to be an ally is to normalize the sharing of pronouns. When you introduce yourself to someone, you can say “Hi, my name is [NAME] and my pronouns are [PRONOUNS]. It’s nice to meet you!” This way, the burden of disclosing pronouns is not solely placed on trans folks. Put your pronouns in your email signature and in your bio on social media sites.   If you’re meeting someone for the first time, you can introduce yourself with your pronouns and ask about theirs. Reminder: don’t just do this for people who you think “look” trans or nonbinary (Side note: Keep in mind that there is not one way that trans people look and this sentiment is based on a cisgender ideal.)

Listen more than you talk

This is a common theme in allyship - let marginalized communities lead the way. You are there for support, so make sure you are listening to and amplifying trans voices. Make sure you’re not just listening to fellow allies. Your allyship should be based around the folks you claim to be an ally to. This means listening more than you talk in trans spaces, educating yourself, and promoting trans leaders.


The best way we have to fight against the current administration is to vote. Make sure you’re registered, you know where to vote, and you understand the issues. Don’t just vote in presidential elections, and don’t convince yourself that your vote doesn’t count - it absolutely does - especially locally. Talk to your friends and family about why voting for candidates who stand up for trans rights is important. Make sure your friends and family vote too!

This list is just 6 easy ways to be a trans ally - don’t let your allyship begin and end here. Keep growing, learning, and fighting for the folks who are under attack by our government.  

G&STC Glossary of Terms for Therapists | Part One

If you’re looking for your practice to be a safe & inclusive space for queer and trans clients, educating yourself is the first step. Along with our six tips for therapists to be more queer and trans inclusive, we’ve put together this glossary (the first of a five-part series) of terms. This glossary is a great tool to use as a jumping off point in educating yourself about queer & trans issues, identities and terminology.

In addition to educating yourself on the actual words, it’s important to reflect on your familiarity with, relationship to and underlying judgements and assumptions of the people and communities that embody these identities, expressions and experiences. It’s okay to have judgements - we all do. What matters is that we are aware of, question the validity of, work to unlearn and not perpetuate those judgements at our clients’ expense.

Agender: Describes a person who does not identify or conform with any particular gender. Want to know more? Here’s a Bustle article to get you started.

Asexual: Describes a person who doesn’t experience sexual attraction. However, like most identities, asexuality exists on a scale from sex-neutral to sex-repulsed. People who identify as asexual can feel romantic attraction, emotional and personal intimacy. Asexuality does not refer to physical ability to experience arousal. Commonly referred to as “ace.” Learn more about asexuality here.

Aromantic: Describes a person who feels little or no romantic attraction or lacks interest in forming romantic attractions. Commonly referred to as “aro.” Learn 6 quick facts about the aromantic spectrum here.

Aphobia: Describes discrimination against or hatred of people who identify as part of the ace/aro spectrum.

Assigned at Birth (Sex): Describes the designation and classification of female, male, intersex or another sex, and is based on perceived physical anatomy at birth.

Bigender: Describes someone who identifies with more than one gender, or a combination of gender identities.

Bisexuality: Describes someone who experiences attraction to people of their own & other genders. Does not change or go away based on gender identity of a person’s partner. More on bisexuality here.

Biphobia: Describes discrimination against or hatred of people who identify as bisexual/biromantic.

Binary: The adjective used to describe the gendered system of female/male and woman/man that dominant western society perpetuates and upholds as legitimate & valid. This system grants those who embody those genders with unearned privilege.

Binding: Describes the process of tightly wrapping a chest in order to flatten the appearance of breasts. Learn more about binders & safe methods of binding here.

Bottom Surgery: A colloquial term used to describe gender affirming genital surgeries, such as vaginoplasty, phalloplasty and metoidioplasty. Find trans + queer affirming health care providers here.

Cisgender: A person who identifies with the sex identity assigned to them at birth and the gender dominant society correlates to that sex. What is cisgender privilege & why does it matter?

This is the first in a five part glossary series. Check back in each week for the next installment!

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

G&STC stands firmly against Trump's call to erase transgender individuals from federal definitions of sex and gender.  

According to The New York Times, the Trump Administration is seeking to define gender as “biological, immutable condition determined by genitalia at birth,” essentially incorrectly defining sex as unchangeable and in a binary of male or female.

G&STC stands in solidarity with transgender communities in opposition to this targeted and toxic move by the Trump Administration seeking to harm millions of transgender and intersex people. Understanding gender as an innate binary construct determined by one’s genitalia at birth is in opposition to to the dominant view held by healthcare providers and medical and mental health professional communities.
Gender is not a binary, and cannot be determined by the body of an infant and the sex one is assigned at birth.

Six Tips for Therapists to Be More Queer and Trans Inclusive in Their Practice

Finding a welcoming & inclusive therapy environment can be a difficult process, but for queer folks there is an added challenge. Not only do queer folks need to find a provider who can best serve and support them, they also have the added stress of finding a therapist who is familiar with queer and trans issues & educated on inclusivity.

If you’re looking to be a safe & inclusive space for your queer and trans clients, here are six tips you can use in your practice to make sure your environment is affirming:

1. Educate yourself

Do you know the terms you should be using? Do you know the difference between bisexuality and pansexuality? Is cisgender a term you’re familiar with & used to using? Do you understand the difference between sexual orientation, romantic orientation, & gender identity?

Familiarizing yourself with the language is a big part of making sure your client feels safe & comfortable talking with you.

A few resources to get you started:

2. Identify your blocks

You don’t have to be queer or trans to be a queer and trans affirming therapist. However, there are experiences you just will not understand without having lived them. Accept that there may be things your client has gone through that you haven’t had to think about in your own life.

Realize your own privilege, identify your preconceived biases, and do that work before meeting with your clients. It’s our responsibility as therapists to have done the labor necessary to make a open & safe space for our clients, without having the burden of educating falling to them.

Learn more here about our individual & group trainings, as well as our individual supervision services to help you & your practice in the process of educating yourself.

3. Find local resources

Are there queer and trans inclusive organizations in your community? Do you know about groups, clubs, events that are specifically for your local queer and trans communities? Do a little research, find out what’s going on around you. It’s always nice to have a backlog of local resources to direct your clients to, where they will feel safe and welcome.

4. Add pronouns to your website

The normalization of clarifying pronouns is helpful to transgender, genderqueer and nonbinary folks. Instead of making them other themselves by specifying which pronouns they use, make it a part of your practice. In your therapist bios, note the pronouns for each person in your practice. Ask every new client, and not just those you perceive as gender expansive, their pronouns. This is a small way to communicate to queer and trans folks searching out your services know that you’re open & educated, and ready to make their search for therapy as stress-free as you can.

5.  De-gender your conversation

Making sure to be gender-neutral in your language is crucial. Whether a client has come out and said that they are queer, trans or not, keeping language open and neutral is an easy signal to them that all people are welcome and that you are a safe and knowledgeable place to come out.  

When talking about relationships stick to words like “partners” rather than “boyfriend” or “girlfriend” and keep pronouns general–”they” is easier and much more natural sounding than “he or she” and it helps keep language inclusive for trans, genderqueer and non-binary folks. Once a client specifies pronouns, it is important to respect them and stick to those pronouns. But before this happens (if ever), sticking to gender neutral pronouns can help clients feel comfortable & welcome in your space.

6.  Reflect on your practice environment as a whole

What’s your waiting room like? Are the reading materials in your office inclusive of queer and trans people? Is your website inclusive on every page, or is there a separate page just for LGBTQ+ folks? Ultimately, do you make assumptions about gender, sexuality and relationship orientations? Being intentional about the  inclusivity of your environment and not just an afterthought is an important step in making sure your queer and trans clients feel welcome, rather than othered or alienated.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

What We Can Learn from Non-Monogamy

Polyamory can seem like a daunting, radical relationship model for those of us who have only ever learned about or engaged in monogamous relationships. But there is a lot we can learn from consensual non-monogamy that we can apply to any relationship model to help strengthen & enrich it. Even if you know polyamory isn’t for you, here are 4 lessons you can take from a non-monogamous relationship model & use in your own relationship:

(And, if you haven’t explored non-monogamy, but are interested in learning, here are four things that may help you figure out if it’s right for you and your partner[s]!):

1. Communication is key

Healthy non-monogamous relationships function based off of communication. What are the parameters? How can each partner engage in relationships with others without violating boundaries? What’s on the table? What’s off limits?

Open relationships can cover a wide variety of relationship models, and it’s up to the partners to discuss and decide together what they are comfortable with. Will you be in multiple committed relationships? Will you and your partner have other partners in common? Is it just physical outside of your relationship?

Without the necessary communication, feelings would be overlooked and partners wouldn’t have the foundation needed to keep the relationship safe, consensual, and enjoyable.

If your needs or desires aren’t being met in your relationship, the best way to deal with it, is to get it out in the open. Talk to your partner(s), express what you need, what you desire, and come up with some creative solutions on how you can get it! You don’t need to open your relationship if that’s not something you’re comfortable with, but keeping communication as a main pillar of your relationship can help you make sure the needs of all partners are met while keeping the trust & strength of the relationship intact.

2. Attraction isn’t limited

Being in a monogamous relationship doesn’t automatically eliminate any attraction for others that you may have. And that doesn’t make your relationship with your partner any less significant! Even if you love your partner, are attracted to them, you may still find yourself attracted to someone new! And that doesn’t diminish your attraction for your partner. It’s completely common to feel attraction to more than one person, and it’s nothing to be ashamed about!  Feeling attraction outside of your relationship doesn’t have to be a threat to your relationship–instead, it should be expected! Feeling it doesn’t mean you’re going to act on it, regardless of your relationship orientation. 

3. Not all needs can be met in one relationship

Expecting one person to meet 100% of your needs can put a lot of pressure on your partner and add stress in your relationship. Desire & needs are different for every person–and your partners might not match yours all the time!

Instead of sacrificing needs you have because your partner can’t meet them (or vice versa) take some time to think and talk through your needs with your partner. See what they can give, what you can give, and identify the needs that aren’t met in your relationship. From there, explore about other ways you might be able to meet those needs, whether it’s from other platonic relationships, or from opening your relationship.

Accepting that your partner cannot meet all of your needs (and that you can’t meet all of your partners needs) can be a difficult realization, but it’s an important one! Addressing that can help take unfair pressure off of your relationship & allow you and your partner to have an open, honest discussion about your needs. Not being able to have one person meet 100% of your needs doesn’t make your relationship any less significant! It just means that you’re going to have to work out alternative ways to meet them. All partnerships include this in some way–some of us just talk about it more than others!

It might feel uncomfortable to let your partner know that they aren’t meeting your needs, but opening the conversation so that both of you can have an honest discussion of your relationship needs can help you strengthen your trust & communication. And taking the time to come up with alternative solutions with your partner will reassure them that they are a significant part of your life & an important component to your needs. If this conversation feels hard, try including all the wonderful ways your partner does meet your needs! Acknowledging strengths in the relationship is just as important as addressing needs that aren’t being met.

4. It’s all about trust

Many monogamous couples are wary of non-monogamy and non-monogamy is sometimes labeled as an excuse to cheat on their partner without consequences. Consensual non-monogamy is not that at all, and involves a lot of trust. It’s based in communication, with each partner expressing their needs & desires first, and discussing the parameters of the open relationship first before exploring it.

Rather than being the violation of trust that infidelity is, non-monogamy is based in trust. You trust your partner to hear your needs, to respect the agreed upon parameters and to explore needs without decreasing the significance of your relationship. Without trust, non-monogamy can’t function.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

Navigating Authority-Based Relationships

Authority-based relationships can provide us a space to explore and fulfill sexual fantasies, connect deeply with a partner, and explore our shadow selves within a safe and consensual environment. But what is an authority-based relationship?  And what is important to know about this type of relationship before entering one?

What are authority-based relationships?

Authority based relationships are built on power exchange. They exist within the realm of BDSM and are commonly known as dominant/submissive or D/s relationships. Kinky people often identify as either a dominant or a submissive. Not everyone feels they fit into either of those roles all of the time, so the role of a switch–someone who enjoys both the dominant and submissive roles–can be just as common.

In authority based relationships, it’s crucial to understand that the dynamics of the relationships rely on power exchange, not on one partner having power over the other. Even if the dominant partner is the one giving the  orders in bed, putting a collar on a submissive, or spanking their partner, that does not mean that the submissive partner is left powerless. Boundaries set up before play help in maintaining the submissive partner’s power & control, and safe words give either partner the ability to stop the play for whatever reason.  Above all else, authority-based relationships are dependent on communication and trust.

How do you build the communication and trust necessary within an authority based relationship? Here are three questions to keep in mind & discuss with your partner:

What do you want?

If you’re experienced in D/S, you may already have a clear image of what an ideal relationship or arrangement looks like for you. However, if you’re new to the scene, clear your mind of any preconceived notions, especially if they came from 50 Shades of Grey.

For some partners, entering an authority-based relationship may just mean that you want to add more kink & play to your current relationship. Ask yourself and your partner: what are your fantasies? Bondage? Impact play? Orgasm denial? There are as many ways to explore dominance and submission as there are people. If you’re unsure where to start, browse the groups on FetLife for some inspiration & see what sparks your interest!

Some partners engage in 24/7 D/s relationships, which is based on total power exchange. Beyond the bedroom (or dungeon), the submissive hands over the keys (sometimes literally, in the case of chastity belts) to their dominant. Keep in mind that if you’re new to BDSM, we recommend not jumping directly into such a set-up, even if it turns you on. Start small, think about what turns you & your partner on, and try a few scenes first. If you want to work up to 24/7 play, go for it! But taking small steps to get there can help you & your partner build trust, communication, and figure out boundaries.

How can I communicate what I want?

Does the idea of keeping  your penis locked in a chastity belt all day, until your domme lets you take it off, turn you on? Do you want an uber-masculine daddy to pay for everything and spank you like you’re his little girl? Before you can communicate to your partner what you want, you have to know what that is. Do some exploring, and think about what sorts of play turn you on.

After you’ve done your kinky soul searching, express your desires to your partner.. Talk to them about the fantasies you’re interested in exploring, ask them if they have any they’d like to try. Keeping the space open for all partners to share their fantasies will help in building your trust, and will help you feel more comfortable when you & your partner(s) actually get around to trying some of what you talk about!

What negotiations need to take place?

Within authority-based relationships, there are subjects that need to be tackled beyond what you want to try during sexual play. While it’s important to be open about what you want to try, it is equally important to communicate what things are off the table. All partners should make lists of their hard and soft limits and discuss  safe words to use in play. While this may not seem like as much fun as talking about the new ideas you do want to try, it’s a crucial part of exploring a new type of play! Write down what excites you, what you want to try, and what your limits are. Once your boundaries are communicated, play will feel safer, more comfortable, and much more exciting.

It can also be important to address broader relationship questions. Are you monogamous? Is this a sexual set-up, or are you interested in something romantic as well? Do you want to play with one another on a short-term basis, or is this a long term arrangement? Are you going to openly discuss your lifestyle around vanilla friends, or only within the kink community? If you haven’t already connected with your local kink scene, how might meeting and connecting with others improve your relationship, teach you about kink, and open your mind to fun events and possibilities?

Keep in mind that communication shouldn’t stop after boundary negotiations! During & after play, all partners should feel comfortable expressing what works for them, what doesn’t, what they want to try again, etc. Make sure you & your partner(s) are feeling good during play & take time to reassess limits and boundaries as the need comes up.  

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

What We Can Learn from Kinky People

With kink becoming more normalized & mainstream, people are starting to broaden their view of sex & sex play. Things like “BDSM,” “submissive,” and “dominant” are a common part of the conversation now, and people are able to experiment more freely in their sex lives without shame.. While kink becoming mainstream isn’t 100% perfect  (no, your dom should not treat you like Christian Grey) kinky people are now able to be more open about their identity, if they want to be!


But even if kink isn’t your thing, the kinky community has a lot to offer that we can all learn from. Whether or not you have handcuffs in your dresser drawers, here are a few of the things anyone in a sexual relationship can learn from kink:


Consent is sexy.

Compared to vanilla sex, with kink comes added risk. Without making consent & communication a top priority in kinky activities, partners risk unwanted pain, bruising, boundary crossing & negative experiences.

Let’s use spanking as an example. Consider the risk for both bodily harm and emotional hurt ( a partner accidentally crosses your boundaries, etc.) all parties involved must talk before they play. Even better, take the time to do a little research on impact play–learn where is safe to hit (fleshy areas such as the butt and thighs) and where is not (anywhere near organs such as the kidneys, or the spine). Take time to talk about how the play will help your pleasure, what your boundaries are, your pain threshold, your safe words, and anything else you want included in the experience. Consent isn’t just a straight “yes” or “no”– it’s about making sure anyone involved in play knows what the limits are, knows what will increase their partner’s pleasure, and it always involves checking in during play.

Talking with your partner(s) about what they want in your sex life can be totally sexy, and not exclusive to kinky people. You’re making sure that their needs are met, that their pleasure is the best it can be, and you’re letting them know that you won’t try anything without making sure they’re cool with it first.  Enjoy the communication! Take your time. Visualize it. Let the talk turn you on. When it’s go time, not only will you be excited, but having gained consent, you will be free from worries that you’ll mess up. Now, even in situations where slightly less discussion is likely involved, like how your partner enjoys their nipples touched, or if they want your fingers inside of them, open communication can become an incredibly erotic part of your sex life with your partner.


Preparation can be pretty hot, too.

Let’s imagine that you’re preparing for a scene involving spanking, but in this scene you’re also dressing up and role-playing as a teacher and a student. This sort of play might require you to go shopping, pick out special outfits, talk about how you’re going to do your hair, figure out where you want to play out the scene, and of course, get into character. All of this is prep that takes time, consideration and open communication.

In movies, sex happens in an instant. A couple passionately kisses, and within a moment, they are naked & climaxing. This is a quickie. And it can be hot, but that’s not always the mood you’re going for–and spontaneous sex isn’t the only way to keep your sex life exciting! Rather than focusing on whether or not your sex life is planned or in the moment, take time to make sure it’s fulfilling both you & your partner(s), and giving you the satisfaction & pleasure you crave.

Sometimes you want to take your time, set up a scene, and build anticipation. And anticipation can lead to some of the best orgasms. Maybe you’re not role-playing–that doesn’t mean you can’t build anticipation in your sex life! Getting ready for a night of romance, lighting candles, laying out rose petals, picking out sexy underwear, all of this is foreplay. And you can never have too much foreplay.


Rough sex doesn’t equal a lack of intimacy.

Kink isn’t always about pain play.  But if we’re talking BDSM, or any relationship or play with an element of dominance and submission, there can be consensual discomfort that pushes us. Kink can include anything from name-calling, rope bondage, to just really rough consensual sex. With a partner that  you trust, care about, and love, these sorts of play don’t degrade or weaken that bond, but strengthen it. In kink (and sex in general) we allow ourselves to be very vulnerable. If rougher activities aren’t for you, consider expanding your view of intimacy. Intimacy doesn’t always need to be soft and fluffy–it can be whatever fills the needs of you and your partner(s), and makes you feel closer together.


Aftercare is crucial.

Within the kink community, aftercare is a fancy name for checking in with one another after playing  to make sure everyone feels good. It can range anywhere from placing ice on your partner’s bruises, to just cuddling and saying I love you.  Use methods like verbal communication or consensual touch to check in with your partner(s) after sex to make sure they’re still feeling good. Give them the opportunity to let you know if anything was a little bit off, what they liked, what they didn’t & how they’re feeling now. And if everyone is happy, you can hold one another, relax, and doze off into a beautiful post-orgasmic slumber!

The pillars of communication, consent, & aftercare that exist in any sort of kink play are lessons that can be applied to any sort of sexual relationship to help increase pleasure, trust and comfort of all parties involved! Keeping the conversation open & fluid isn’t just for the kinky folks out there–making sure your partners are feeling good during sex & having all their needs met is important in all kinds of sexual relationships.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

Why Masturbation Can Be a Great Regular Part of your Life

We talk a lot about the importance of having sex with other  people, but rarely do we speak enough about the importance of sex on your own. Whether  you’re single, dating, or partnered, making self-pleasure a regular part of your life comes with many benefits. Like what? Well, did you know orgasms stimulate the release of oxytocin, which is a hormone with many health benefits. So masturbation is literally good for you! Masturbation also gives you the opportunity to figure out  how you like to be touched, which can help you communicate to your partner(s) later on what you like in bed & what you don’t. (An added bonus? You can’t transmit an STI or get pregnant from masturbating!)

Whether you’re already all about self pleasure, just starting to unlearn negative narratives about your body or self-pleasure, or avoid self-pleasure out of fear, masturbation can be very important and impact your life for the better!

Here are some tips on how to start or step up your masturbation game.


Masturbation helps you learn your anatomy.

Along with feeling good, masturbation is exceptionally safe. If masturbation was something that was celebrated, instead of something we mocked, shamed or feared, , groups such as high schoolers (who may not currently have information or access to safer sex resources) could experience sexual pleasure and learn about their own anatomy & pleasure in a safe & controlled environment.  Many adults, often due to our inadequate sex education system, don’t have a relationship and understanding of their bodies and pleasure. If self pleasure was talked about openly, and encouraged, many of us would have been able to figure out what it is we like & what it is we don’t long before experimenting with a partner. If you feel extra daring, masturbate in front of a mirror to learn how your anatomy looks along with how you like to be touched! It’s never too late to learn!


Touching yourself is safe and healthy.

Along with not having to worry about pregnancy or STIs, masturbation is  also emotionally safe. Maybe relationships, partners or casual hookups aren’t what you’re looking for right now. Sometimes, we just need to be single and on our own. But that doesn’t mean we have to be without pleasure!

So, when you feel like you need alone time, whether it’s just  a night in or a much longer period of your life where you take a break from dating & partners, self pleasure can be a great addition. Orgasms release the “feel-good hormone” oxytocin. While oxytocin, sometimes referred to as the “cuddle hormone,” can facilitate bonding between people, it also works well on yourself. Oxytocin helps us relax, sleep well, relieve pain, and could even be good for your skin.


Try adding sex toys to your masturbation routine.

Switching it up can help keep things fun & exciting. Maybe  you’re curious about anal pleasure, but are nervous about trying it with another person. Start on yourself!

If this is the case, remember that the anus isn’t self-lubricating, so you’ll need lots of lube. While water based lubricants are often recommended, a silicone-based lube, such as Uberlube, can be great for anal penetration, as it can be thicker and last longer than water-based. However, if you’re using a silicone toy, such as a butt plug (the Snug Plug is great for people of all experience levels), opt for water-based, such as Sustain Naturals water-based lube. Silicone lube can break down silicone toys, and you don’t want that.

If you’re new to sex toys, and anal stimulation, you might be looking for someplace a little milder to start. You don’t  need to jump straight to butt plugs or anal beads. People of all bodies and genders can enjoy the stimulation of adding a vibrator to their masturbation routine. While handheld vibrators, such as the Unbound Squish, certainly can make people with clitorises come, they feel lovely on all erogenous zones. Try using a vibrator on the shaft of a penis, the perineum, nipples, or even on sore back muscles. (While the Hitachi Magic Wand may be able to get you off, it actually does work wonders as a back massager!)


Mutual masturbation is a safe way to learn how your partner likes to be touched.

While part of what makes self-pleasure so enjoyable is that it only requires yourself, if you are seeing someone, mutual masturbation is a safe way to explore how you & your partner(s) like to be  touched. Instead of having penetrative or oral sex (or even touching one another) take a night for mutual masturbation & watch each other self pleasure.

“Mutual masturbation” may sound like a term straight out of health class, but it’s an intimate and sexy activity. Set the mood by adjusting music and lighting to whatever turns you on. Lie on the bed next to your partner (keep the lube nearby) and watch one another masturbate. Watch porn if you want to! Notice how your partner strokes their body. And likewise, allow your partner to watch you. We’re often the best at getting ourselves off and knowing what we like, so why not teach your partner to touch you exactly how you like?


At G&STC we’ve seen how meaningful self pleasure and unlearning shameful narratives about sexuality and self pleasure can be for our clients. Regardless of your current or future relationship to self pleasure, we believe everyone is entitled to have the sex life of their dreams. If your dream sex life involves self pleasure, we’re here to help you unlearn the shame & stigma and explore what brings you pleasure!

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

G&STC's Director talks about "de-transitioning" with Refinery29

Check out G&STC director, Jesse Kahn, talking with Refinery 29's Kasandra Brabaw exploring "de-transitioning" and pushing back on a recent article about regret amongst those who de-transition.

"Many people also call this kind of narrative transphobic, because it reinforces the idea that being transgender isn't real. "The idea is that we have to protect cis people from thinking they're mistakenly trans," says Jesse Kahn, LCSW, director of The Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective. "When in actuality the folks that I work with that have done anything that resembles shifting their desires around transition are still trans." Maybe they decide not to take hormones anymore or realize that they don't actually want gender affirming surgeries, but they still consider themselves somewhere on the transgender spectrum. A person who transitions medically and then later realizes that they are cisgender (not non-binary or gender non-conforming or simply happily trans without hormones) is incredibly rare."

At G&STC, we deeply believe in co-creating a space with our clients to explore what self-actualizing looks like for them and challenging, pushing back and unlearning societal ideals that don't fit for them. 

Ultimately, we believe and focus on pushing back on binary and cisnormative ideals placed on trans and gender non conforming people.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

Working with Toxic forms of Masculinity

I’ve seen a lot of conversations and arguments lately about and questioning the validity of toxic masculinity. I’ve seen articles stating “toxic masculinity isn’t real,” expressing defensiveness and feelings of being attacked. Regardless of if you believe in the existence of the term or challenge what it’s called, I think it’s still an incredibly useful and relevant topic. And more importantly, incredibly useful as a therapist.

At G&STC we work with many men who come to us with relationship and sexuality-based issues such as shame about desire, shame about levels of desire, compulsive sexual behaviors, emotional isolation, and erectile functioning issues. Many clients arriving to our office with an erectile dysfunction diagnosis have tried a variety of medications. Many clients also have shame-based desires, and have gone to great lengths to hide those desires. This level of secrecy has often fed shame or deprived them of emotional intimacy. But most of all, the men coming to our office seem to have one thing in common: the consequences of toxic masculinity are painfully visible in their lives.

Toxic Masculinity (TM) is an exaggerated, narrow and binary gender construct, and describes certain masculine norms and behaviors that often cause harm to society, to men, to masculine genders, and to the people around them. Toxic masculinity is not synonymous with masculinity, nor with men. Some examples of norms and behaviors that fit in a description of TM include: non-consensual dominance; suppression of emotions; extreme self-reliance and autonomy; a belief that fearlessness is the ideal; hyper-masculinity; devaluation of women and misogyny; violence against transgender people; and promoting violence such as sexual assault and domestic violence.

Understandably so, conversations about toxic masculinity often focus on society and the targets, victims, and survivors of those who embody toxic masculinity. What is often not discussed is how toxic masculinity harms men and masculine people. TM contributes to depression, increased stress, shame, self-hate, body image issues, harmful substance use, and emotional and romantic isolation. What’s also missing from our collective understanding about toxic masculinity is its roots as psychological term.

When working with clients where symptoms of toxic masculinity are present, we focus on:

  1. Defining it, then finding where toxic masculinity exists in their lives

  2. Calling out the toxic narratives they’ve internalized

  3. Identifying how those narratives live and thrive in their lives, self image, gender expression, sexuality and relationships

  4. Challenging those narratives and creating new beliefs to live by

  5. Changing behaviors and navigating what may come up with those changes

For our clients, naming and treating toxic masculinity has resulted in greater sexual satisfaction, more fulfilling emotional relationships, happier and more meaningful romantic relationships, and reduced problematic sexual behaviors or sexual functioning issues.  

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

The Weight of the Grind(r)

I. The Underground Digital Bathhouse

A recent article on Vox raises questions about the mental health implications of gay “dating” apps such as Grindr, Scruff, and Jack’d. The article, written by a gay psychiatrist in Boston, opens with what reads like a caveat regarding the “huge strides” that have been made in the last decade to “bring gay relationships into the mainstream,” including the Supreme Court recognition of gay marriage as a constitutional right.

From here, author Dr. Jack Turban, pivots to discuss what he calls “the rise of the underground digital bathhouse” - the proliferation and growing use of apps like Grindr, which now has 3 million active daily users. These apps provide users with a streamlined process of identifying and connecting with sexual partners who are available, quite literally, at their fingertips. Users have the ability to sort potential partners by age, body type, sexual position, and many other physical and behavioral characteristics.

II. The Good, the Bad, and the Uncertain

In many important respects, this is a great thing. Risks associated with visibility are reduced, adding an element of safety, especially in places still rife with homophobia and transphobia. Sex is easier to arrange, and compatible partners are easier to identify. And, since a big part of sex is pleasure, more sex is a good! Indeed, when Dr. Turban conducted an informal survey of approximately 50 men on Grindr, this - sex feels good and Grindr makes it more accessible - was the most common reason cited for using the app.

The primary purpose behind this survey, however, was to provide Dr. Turban - and by extension other members of the medical, mental health, and research communities - with a window into the mental health consequences of using these apps. While Dr. Turban acknowledges that 50 participants is a small sample size, it still provides meaningful insight. And these clues, he concludes, paint a picture that “doesn’t look good.”

Dr. Turban draws a number of conclusions about the mental health effects of gay dating apps based on the data he compiles. These include:

  • The use of variable ratio reinforcement (rewards - in this context, sex and the potential of orgasm - that come at unpredictable intervals) make the apps both very easy to start using, and very hard to stop.

  • The majority of Grindr users feel regret after engaging with the app (this from a recent survey from Time Well Spent), and some end up feeling more anxious, depressed, and isolated.

  • The emphasis on sex first may impede efforts for users to form and sustain lasting romantic relationships.

  • The lack of research about mental health effects means that the most effective therapy treatments for harmful app use are underdeveloped

III. The Role of Therapy

Dr. Turban points out that one of the challenges of identifying harmful app use is figuring out what motivates the behavior. On the surface, of course, users are most often looking for casual sex. But there are lots of different things that we can get from casual sex. Dr. Turban asks: “Are you self-soothing anxiety? Do you think you can’t attain love, so you’re settling for hookups? Did your parents tell you being gay is wrong and you’re searching for acceptance?” He also asks if participants are struggling with compulsive sexual behaviors or with attraction and desire in monogamous relationships. All of these are possible reasons a person might feel pulled toward casual sex.

And they are questions that a therapist can help identify and discuss. As Dr. Turban asserts, “Therapy can help clarify these kinds of thoughts and feelings and lead to insights that bring about a healthy change.” Here at G&STC, we wholeheartedly agree!

Therapy can be a helpful environment to separate two things that Dr. Turban seems to conflate in this article. As he lays it out, it isn’t clear where the anxiety, depression, and isolation that users feel after engaging with the app find their source. It might be in broader social narratives about who uses dating apps, what this says about them, and how this relates to more “appropriate”, or possibly, permitted, behavior. Or, it might be a consequence of the experience the user has on the app itself. Each case, once clearly identified, will have a different approach in terms of developing strategies for understanding and managing the feelings that emerge.

On a positive note, the article acknowledges that people do use the app in ways that are fulfilling and positive. Dr. Turban mentions a user who met his fiance on Grindr, as well as the many others who use the app for sex without any of the challenges outlined above.

One thing that we’re sensitive to at G&STC is how societal narratives about sex can create feelings of shame and disgust around behaviors that are, in reality, fun and rewarding. Enjoying a lot of sex is an admirable manifestation of one’s desire and doesn’t always have a correlation to someone’s desire for long term romantic endeavors, a need to soothe anxiety, a need for acceptance, compulsive sexual behaviors or someone’s relationship orientation.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

Maintaining Long Term Desire: Already Kinky

Most of the information out there about kink is aimed at vanilla couples. So why aren’t there more resources for couples who are already comfortably kinky?

To start, kink communities can be pretty insular. For a long time, communities kept underground due to the stigma attached to kinky, polyamorous, and authority-based relationships. The throes of beginner information has played a tremendous part in destigmatizing kink—and that’s a good thing. But we want to go beyond Kink 101., starting with a question: How do you maintain long-term satisfaction if you’re beginning to get bored, but you’re already kinky?

Consider exploring a new kink

If you’re a couple practicing kink long before anyone heard the problematic name “Christian Grey,” how do you keep the spark alive? Buy a new pair of handcuffs? Not going to work if ceiling restraints were installed years ago.

Sometimes we can get stuck in routines that then turn to ruts. Let’s say you’re super into verbal humiliation, have you explored physical aspects of kink? If you’re most used to physical kink, perhaps it’s time to explore the psychological aspect.

Maybe there’s a sexual interest you haven’t heard of, or something you’ve been interested in but haven’t shared with your partner(s) or pursued. To start, spend some time browsing through the plethora of groups on FetLife to see what peaks your interests. Then, communicate it to your partner(s), or browse together!

If there’s one thing kinky people are good at, it is creativity, so even the most experienced can be surprised and excited by what other people get into.

Keep life exciting in other ways

You’re kinky, but we are going to give some vanilla-sounding advice: consider other areas of the relationship that needs spicing up, or other forms of adventure. Sometimes kinksters can get so into their sex lives (and for good reason, they’re fabulous) that we forget about devoting time and to other forms of bonding.

When was the last time you and your partner traveled somewhere new together and refrained from social media? Went out to dinner just the two of you? Rather than focusing on the next play party, considering scheduling weekend trip.  Yes, bring your flogger and butt plug collection. Changing play locations can be a fun!

Check in with one another

When we become established in our sex lives, we can become stuck in routines in our relationships.

We may also incorrectly assume that we’re in touch with our partners’ desires and satisfaction level. Even if you consistently check in with your partner before and during scenes and practice aftercare, it can be helpful to sit down and see how the other is doing.

If you’re monogamous, are they continuing to want monogamy? Interested in opening up the relationship? Regardless of your relationship format, how are they feeling about your current level of intimacy? Do you have enough time together? Are there any new or recent fantasies they have?

Go back to the beginning

Do you remember why you first fell for one another?

For kinky couples, returning to the first few scenes you had together might elicit those memories. Perhaps you’ve mastered the single-tail whip, but when was the last time you enjoyed some simple spanking? Are there sex toys that you haven’t used in ages, now that you make more money and have moved on from small silicone anal beads to horse-tailed butt plugs?

Some couples return to the place they first had dinner, or where they were when someone said, “I love you.”

Yes, that might mean going back to the kink event you first met at, and breaking out the very first butt plug shared together.

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.

The Dirtiest 5-letter Word: Shame

Shame is a prominent emotion, possibly the most prominent to come in to our office. Because shame thrives in silence and secrecy, many of our clients don't know or see it.

When shame is so prominent, we may see feelings of disconnection, feeling unlovable, harsh self judgement, a lack of empathy for oneself, addictions, and relationship patterns that harm connections and create disconnection. Because shame is so powerful, we see a lot of our clients seeking evidence to support that they are indeed unlovable, deserving of harsh judgement, disconnection and a lack of compassion.

Part of the work we do is witnessing and shining a spotlight on shame, and showing love, care, compassion, empathy and connection. Many therapists have different experiences with the word love, whether that be due to our histories, beliefs about the word love, or beliefs about love in the context of professional relationships. Ultimately, though, therapists often love and deeply care for their clients. In an environment of love, care and connection, we can untangle and understand the roots of shame. Basically, we call out shame.

The goal of working with shame in therapy isn't necessarily to banish shame forever (not sure if that's possible!), but to be able to talk about shame, notice when and why you're feeling shame, understand your shame's birthplace, develop the tools to challenge shame, not allow shame to dominant your life, your relationships, and your decisions, and lastly get to a place to possibly even laugh about shame. The ultimate goal is to dismantle shame.

Brene Brown has done a tremendous amount of work around shame (we highly recommend you check out her TED talks and books). She cites Linda Hartling's work around the Strategies of Disconnection, which Brown refers to as “shame shields”.

Here are the shame shields, which is how we protect ourselves from shame, but unfortunately through that process facilitate, nourish and grow shame:

Moving away: withdrawing, hiding, silencing ourselves, and keeping secrets

Moving toward: seeking to appease and please

Moving against: trying to gain power over others, acting aggressively, and using shame to fight shame

Brene also explores shame resilience and what can increase shame resilience, including: empathy; courage; compassion; connection; understanding shame; understanding triggers; contextualizing; normalizing; reaching out to share experiences (increasing connectivity); and honestly speaking about shame and expressing feelings and needs in relation to shame.

We want to ask you a few questions:

1) What shame shield(s) do you use and how do you respond to feeling shame?

2) When did you learn to use those shields?

3) What activates your shields?

4) How have those shields protected you?

5) How have those shields harmed you?

6) What would it look like if you were to talk about your shame?

7) What impact could reducing shame have on your life?

8) What would it look like if you approached shame?

We recognize this is not easy work, but we also know it's possible and that you don't have to do it alone. Brene Brown has said that “shame is a universal experience.” And connection is a universal need.

Side note: Prior to Linda Hartling and Brene Brown, German psychoanalyst Karen Horney brought feminism into psychoanalysis and challenged freudian understandings of gender by focusing on social and cultural factors (rather than innate factors). In 1945, Karen Horney developed a theory of personality and interpersonal relationships into three "neurotic trends." Horney believed that a basic anxiety develops in childhood is connected to a sense of helplessness, influenced by how well or not well a child's needs are met. This eventually turns into a “basic attitude toward self and others” that help us adapt and survive to a hostile world and life situations. The three neurotic trends are self-effacing type/moving towards (the compliant type), expansive solution/moving against (the aggressive type), and resigned solution/moving away (detached type).

Blog authors all hold positions at the Gender & Sexuality Therapy Collective (G&STC). For more information about our therapists and services please contact us.